First of all, according to the UN, a slum is a neighborhood that lacks access to drinking water, sanitation, sufficient living space, solid housing and the right to use it, but the deprivations of a slum go far beyond that.
However, the shortcomings of a slum go far beyond that. Why is it so important to transform urban slums?
A child’s likelihood of being at risk of poverty and exclusion is closely linked to aspects such as his or her socio-economic situation and also the city and neighborhood in which he or she lives.
Child poverty has a strong territorial dimension: although cities allow thousands of children to have access to schools and clinics, they also make families face specific urban challenges, such as a higher cost of living.
Within cities there are stark inequalities. Almost all cities report that in some of their urban districts child poverty is considerably higher than the city average. In the most there are large disparities between their districts or neighborhoods.
A substandard neighborhood, as defined by UNICEF, is an urban area with one or more of the following characteristics:
1) Poor structural quality of housing
2) Inadequate access to water, sanitation and other infrastructure; 5) unsafe residential status.
3) Unsafe residential status.
It is essential to have an equity approach in which priority is given to the most disadvantaged children.
Urban poverty must be at the center of the policy agenda of governments at both the local and national levels. The living conditions of many slums and informal settlements throughout Spain must be addressed.
In the past year, work has been done to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic in these neighborhoods and settlements. Seeking to encourage the participation and initiative of their inhabitants so that they have a say in how they want to live.
Governments should place more emphasis on social development through a housing law that contains affordable rent and likewise increase the supply of rental housing.
In short, to make it easier for residents in socially excluded neighborhoods to access decent housing.